Akins AF08 SNP Tree
Major Haplogroup I1a-DF29

According to FTDNA, the now defunct Big Y-500 test looked at about ten million positions of the Y chromosome. The Y-700 sequences up to 50% more sample. This means that more unique markers are likely to be found with the new test. It makes sense, then, that the new Y-700 tester has eight novel variants as opposed to only one variant for the Y-500 tester.

My experience, however, is that a tester descended from a man who lived in the mid-17th century typically has only two or three novel SNPs. They came into the lineage, along with later descendants, after the birth of the Most Recent Common Ancestor (MRCA), David Akin, in this case. To be sure, that number is not a hard and fast rule, and it's based on the Y-500. In fact, the number of mutations in any particular lineage can vary greatly on a lineage by lineage basis. We make judgments merely based on the average across all testers. We need only a small number of tests to arrange SNP blocks in the order of emergence, but we need more testers to begin to home in on anything resembling a timeline. We can't expect any real accuracy, therefore, with two testers.

We can, however, make a step in that direction should kit #N115713 upgrade to the Y-700 and discover which of those eight new SNPs also belong to his lineage. This would better provide a specific Y-DNA print for David. And it might turn out that both testers end up with a couple or more novel SNPs. That would provide a specific genetic trails from David to the testers.

The second hapologroup block in the above graphic presently has three SNPs. The last of them is predicted by YFull to have emerged at the birth of a fellow born at least 600 years ago. That's moving the lineage toward the edge of the genealogical timeframe. There is one match, a McCleod, who also descends from this haplogroup. He has nine novel variants. For the next downstream haplogroup, A14574, we find are two matches with an average of five novel SNPs, surnames Lonsdale and Edgar. Further, there's a more distant relationship to a Holen. If these individuals can be persuaded to join the project, I'll have the pertinent data to create a another tree. (I'm including them in an email regarding this.) Whether that study would yield much of use is unknown. But it could be just enough test material to begin to come up with a cursory timeline. And depending on what these testers know about their respective lineages, we might begin to development a map of locations, certainly a road map to further research.

I'd like to make one additional but larger point. There is no single Akins "Clan" as presently proved by genetics. Whether anyone can claim an ancestor of special historic or heraldic significance, I can't say. But it serves no genealogical, historical, archaeological, or genetic purposes in context to our research for any member to claim he is representative of the Eakens or Akins. If any such evidence arises in the data, we can take a serious look at it. Finding such a connection would be satisfying. But this project isn't an heraldic society. It's surname genetic research group.

I'm always happy to answer any questions about any of this.